InterAsia Auctions



Sale 68



 
Lot 29



China, 1878 (5 Oct.) linen envelope to "Messrs. Hall & Holtz, Shanghai" (12.10) "pr. Customs Courier", showing "Legacion del Peru/China Japon & Hawaii" sender's cachet in purple and bearing 1878 thin paper 5ca. yellow-orange pair and single, cancelled by "I.G. of Customs/Peking" double-ring origin d.s. of "Oct 5 78" in blue and additionally by "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring d.s. of "Oct 12 78" in red, with "Shanghae Local Post/D" arrival c.d.s. (12.10) in blue and red wax seal of the Peruvian Legation on reverse, small opening faults at top and the pair has blunt or trimmed perfs. at top, fine and spectacular usage of the utmost importance for Chinese postal history. The iconic cover of the ultimate exhibition calibre. Chan 3.
Estimate HK$ 7,000,000 - 9,000,000


Provenance: H.C. Chen
T.C. Wong
T.C. Chen
Allen Gokson
Dr. Warren G. Kauder, Robson Lowe (London), 2.5.1972, lot 56
James Huangco
Chen Sun-Sing
James B. Whang, Christie's Swire (Hong Kong), 2.11.1994 lot 1789.

References: A Select Collection of Large Dragon Stamps and Postmarks (Taipei: Directorate General of Posts, 1981), p. 17.
James B. Whang, A Comprehensive Illustration on Covers of Chinese Large Dragons (Taipei: Whang's Philatelic Foundation, 1997), pp. 52-53. Illustrated.
Customs Dater (1875-1913), Philatelic Writers' Club (Taiwan, 2008), pp. 149-150. Illustrated.

THE EARLIEST RECORDED USAGE OF THE LARGE DRAGONS STAMPS ON COVER, AND, CONSEQUENTLY, THE EARLIEST RECORDED COVER BEARING IMPERIAL CHINA STAMPS.

ONLY FOUR ENVELOPES BEARING LARGE DRAGONS ARE RECORDED USED IN 1878.

The "Postal Notification" of 1 May 1878 established the 5 candarins domestic rate for letters weighing ½ ounce mailed from Peking to Shanghai. The 15 candarins franking represents the triple rate.

There are three other covers recorded with Large Dragons stamps used in 1878. All are from the same correspondence as the Olsson envelope and similarly endorsed "pr. Customs Courier".

1.) 7 October 1878 envelope bearing 5ca. pair. Double rate.

Provenance
— Michael Newbury, Robert A. Siegel (New York), 6.2.1962, lot 119
— Dr. Warren G. Kauder, Robson Lowe (London), 10.11.1971, lot 39
— Giulio Mochi, David Feldman (Genenva), 24.10.1984, lot 40578
— Lam Man Yin

2.) 30 October 1878 envelope bearing 5ca. vertical strip of three and singles (2). Five times rate franking.

Provenance
— Henry Everall, Stanley Gibbons (Australia), 20.2.1993, lot 39
— David Feldman (Geneva), 1-5.11.1994, lot 10872

3.) 23 November 1878 envelope bearing 5ca. cancelled by "Paid" framed h.s. in blue. Single rate. This is the only recorded cover with a Large Dragon cancelled by the "Paid" h.s. of Peking.

Provenance
— Giulio Mochi, David Feldman (Geneva), 24.10.1984, lot 40579
— Lam Man Yin.


Realized HK$18,975,000



 
Lot 30



China, 1879 (Mar.) envelope to Paris (27.4) bearing on reverse 1878 thin paper 3ca. red-brown and 5ca. orange horizontal pair, both rough perfs., cancelled by Peking seals in blue, with "Customs/Tientsin" double-ring transit d.s. of "Mar 6 79" alongside, showing on front "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring transit d.s. of "Mar 8 79" in red, in combination with France 35c., cancelled by large figures "5104", with matching "Shang-hai/Chine" c.d.s. (13.3) adjacent, the Large Dragons stamps just tied by French entry c.d.s. and "Paris/(60)" arrival c.d.s. (27.4), endorsed "Hart" in manuscript in the lower right corner of the envelope (most probably indicating Sir Robert Hart as the subject of the letter), the envelope opened out for display, extremely fine and one of the most important Large Dragons covers from this early period.
Estimate HK$ 1,000,000 - 1,200,000


Provenance: Christie's Robson Lowe (Zurich), 23.11.1989, lot 2025
Anna-Lisa and Sven-Eric Beckeman, Sotheby's and Corinphila (Hong Kong), 7.11.1996, lot A187.

References: James B. Whang, A Comprehensive Illustration on Covers of Chinese Large Dragons (Taipei: Whang's Philatelic Foundation, 1997), pp. 61-62. Illustrated.
Customs Dater (1875-1913), Philatelic Writers' Club (Taiwan, 2008), pp. 237-238. Illustrated.

THE EARLIEST RECORDED ENVELOPE SENT OUTSIDE CHINA BEARING LARGE DRAGONS.

THE EARLIEST RECORDED CHINA-FRANCE LARGE DRAGONS COMBINATION COVER.

THE EARLIEST RECORDED USAGE OF THE PEKING SEAL ON COVER.

The 13 candarins single rate to Europe via Brindisi, according to the "Postal Notification" of 1 November 1878.

Taking into account the absence of a Peking dater, this was most probably sent on 5 March.

Based on the manuscript docketing on the front of the envelope, the subject of the letter related to Sir Robert Hart, the Inspector General of the Imperial Maritime Customs in Peking.

From the famous correspondence to Gustave Vapereau, who was Inspector General of Primary Education in Paris, from his son, Charles Vapereau, who was Professor of French at Tungwen College in Peking. Sir Robert Hart later recommended that Charles Vapereau be appointed the Chinese representative of the 1900 Universal Exposition in Paris.


Realized HK$2,760,000



 
Lot 7

P

China, Proofs : Large Dragon with Extra Circle removed 3ca. brown-red imperforate on thin wove paper, Setting I, complete sheet of twenty-five with selvedge all round, pale colour and "dry" printing with uneven impression particularly noticeable at lower right, inconsequential nick in outer extremity of sheet margin at top right, there are creases in the margin at foot, one of which diagonally crosses the lower left stamp, very fine and an exceptional sheet.
Estimate HK$ 400,000 - 500,000


Provenance: Philip Ireland, Christie's Robson Lowe (Zurich), 25.5.1989, lot 2036.

References: Jeffrey S. Schneider, "Essays and Proofs for the First Customs Issues", China 2009 International Philately Peak Forum, Symposium, p. 162.

According to our records, there are seven complete surviving sheets. Impressions vary considerably, as the printers endeavoured to get the decoupage ("make ready") perfect. Given the more consistent uniformity of printing and impressions of the 1 candarin and 5 candarins values, the 3 candarins may well have been the first value from which proofs were pulled. The sheets from the Mizuhara and Major Starr collections are interesting, in that both show overinking in the fourth row of stamps, and the latter has extraneous ink running diagonally across the lower left.

The seven complete sheets are from the following sources :

1.) Sir Percival David, Robson Lowe (London), 28.1.1964, lot 1297; "Twyste", Spink (Hong Kong), 28.11.2005, lot 1007

2.) Mizuhara Meiso, Spink (Hong Kong), 17.1.2016, lot 1603

3.) Richard Canman, Stanley Gibbons (London), 19.10.1972; Giulio Mochi, David Feldman (Geneva), 26.10.1984, lot 40564; Anna-Lisa and Sven-Eric Beckeman, Sotheby's and Corinphila (Hong Kong), 15.5.1997, lot B24

4.) Philip Ireland, Christie's Robson Lowe (Zurich), 25.5.1989, lot 2036. This is the Olsson sheet

5.) Major James Starr, Sotheby's (London), 11.9.1991, lot 38

6.) Sotheby's and Corinphila (Hong Kong), 12.11.1998, lot 201

7.) "Selected Treasures Kept by the Chinese National Postage Stamp Museum" (1999), p. 31.


Realized HK$977,500



 
Lot 8

P

China, Proofs : Large Dragon with Extra Circle removed 5ca. orange-yellow imperforate on thin wove paper, Setting I, block of four [1-2/6-7] with 7mm. sheet margin at top and 7mm. sheet margin at left, delicate pastel-like colour, fairly accomplished impression showing heavily impressed horizontal frame lines from the decoupage, very fine and exceptional example of this rare proof.
Estimate HK$ 300,000 - 400,000


A BLOCK OF FOUR IS THE LARGEST RECORDED MULTIPLE. ONLY THREE BLOCKS OF FOUR ARE RECORDED.

Proofs are only known from this Setting. No complete sheets have been recorded. The largest multiple known to date is a block of four. From our records of surviving multiples, there were at least three sheets of twenty-five printed (we know of three different pairs from positions [14-15]). One sheet was overinked (cf. marginal pair [6-7], ex James Senior, Robson Lowe, 6.10.1971, lot 1232), thereby necessitating the printing of other sheets.


Realized HK$667,000



 
Lot 18



China, 1883-85 Large Dragon thick paper 1ca. bright green, rough perfs., Setting VI, the magnificent complete sheet of twenty with selvedge all round, bright colour, and excellent state of conservation, fine unused with much original gum, defects in selvedge at top and faint tropicalised spots on gum. A great rarity in this complete sheet format. Chan 10.
Estimate HK$ 800,000 - 1,000,000


Expertisation: Signed SEB (Sven-Eric Beckeman).

Provenance: "Nordenfelt Find", Corinphila (Zurich), 30.10.1992, lot 5186
Anna-Lisa and Sven-Eric Beckeman, Sotheby's and Corinphila (Hong Kong), 7.10.1997, lot C22.

THE ONLY RECORDED COMPLETE SHEET FROM SETTING VI WITH SELVEDGE ALL ROUND.

THERE ARE ONLY TWO COMPLETE SHEETS OF THE 1 CANDARIN IN THE FORMAT OF TWENTY (4 X 5) WITH SELVEDGE ALL ROUND RECORDED. THE OTHER IS 1883 THICK PAPER, SETTING V, CLEAN-CUT PERFS. (EX GEORGE WORTHINGTON, E.H. FINEGAN, SIR PERCIVAL DAVID, PAUL HOCK, PHILIP IRELAND, AND ANNA-LISA AND SVEN-ERIC BECKEMAN).

This unique sheet emanates from the famous "Nordenfelt Find", which comprised the philatelic holdings of a Norwegian naval officer and former Customs official. This find, which surfaced in the early 1990's, included hitherto unknown complete sheets of the 1883-85 thick paper 1 candarin, 3 candarins and 5 candarins in the rare format of twenty stamps and all with complete selvedge. All three sheets were acquired by Anna-Lisa and Sven-Eric Beckeman.


Realized HK$1,495,000



 
Lot 24

o

China, 1883-85 Large Dragon thick paper 3ca. brown-red, clean-cut perfs., Unknown Setting, vertical pair [26/8?], variety imperforate between, bright colour, excellent impression, cancelled by Tientsin seal in blue, small wedge shaped piece cut out of top and minor age spot in margin between stamps, fine appearance for this very rare variety. Chan 8j.
Estimate HK$ 400,000 - 500,000


Provenance: Philippe Renotière de Ferrary, Gilbert (Paris), Sale XIII, 22-24.4.1925, lot 490
Arthur Hind, H.R. Harmer (New York), 21.5.1935, lot 109
Major James Starr, Sotheby's (London), 11.9.1991, lot 105.

ONLY FOUR IMPERFORATE BETWEEN PAIRS OF THE 3 CANDARINS ARE RECORDED.

This is undoubtedly the most historical example of this iconic variety from a philatelic aspect, with a pedigree dating back to the Ferrary collection (1925), which was universally recognised as the greatest stamp collection ever formed, and the nearly comparable Hind collection (1935), from which Major James Starr acquired this variety ten years after the famous textile industrialist's agent had purchased it in the Ferrary auction in Paris.

The four recorded imperforate between pairs are :

1.) Unknown Setting [26/8?]. Philippe Renotière de Ferrary, Gilbert (Paris), Sale XIII, 22-24.4.1925, lot 490; Arthur Hind, H.R. Harmer (New York), 21.5.1935, lot 109; Major James Starr, Sotheby's (London), lot 105. This is the Olsson example.

2.) Unknown Setting [24/14]. Sir Percival David, Robson Lowe (London), 22.10.1970, lot 38; Giulio Mochi, David Feldman (Geneva), 24.10.1984, lot 40604; Anna-Lisa and Sven-Eric Beckeman, Sotheby's and Corinphila (Zurich), 7.11.1996, lot A46; M.F. Huang, Zurich Asia (Hong Kong), 21.6.2003, lot 59.

3.) Setting XII [26/21]. Dr. Warren G. Kauder, Robson Lowe (London), 10.11.1971, lot 99; Mizuhara Meiso, Spink (Hong Kong), 17.1.2016, lot 1640.

4.) Unknown Setting. Interasia (Hong Kong), 28.4.2012 lot 75.

In addition, there are nine examples (including two rejoined horizontal pairs) with imperforate margins at top or foot indicating that these came from vertical imperforate between pairs and had been separated either by scissors or roughly separated. Furthermore, two stamps actually show portions of the adjoining stamp in the imperforate margin at the top, and one of these stamps originally formed a remarkable horizontal pair [20-11] with another example.


Realized HK$460,000



 
Lot 34



China, 1882 (21 Nov.) envelope to Exeter, England bearing on reverse 1882 wide margin 3ca. brown-red Setting VI or VII, vertical strip of three [23/5/21] with small sheet margin at top and large sheet margin at foot, cancelled by "Customs/Newchwang" double-ring d.s. of "Nov 21 82", showing "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring transit d.s. of "Nov 25 82" in red, the strip additionally tied by "Ligne N/Paq. Fr. No. 10" c.d.s. (5.12), and on front France 25c. bistre on straw cancelled by "Shang-hai/Chine" c.d.s. (29.11), with another fine strike adjacent, small piece of flap at back missing and a few light climatic tones, fine typically flimsy envelope from the Bandinel correspondence.
Estimate HK$ 300,000 - 400,000


Provenance: Lyons Livingston, H.R. Harmer (New York), 4.12.1973, lot 45
Giulio Mochi, David Feldman (Geneva), 24.10.1984, lot 40617.

References: James B. Whang, A Comprehensive Illustration on Covers of Chinese Large Dragons (Taipei: Whang's Philatelic Foundation, 1997), pp. 297-298. Illustrated.

The 9 candarins single rate to Europe.


Realized HK$483,000










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