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Sale 71

Asian Stamps & Postal History


1897 Red Revenues
 
 
 

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Lot 494 China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red, position 8, showing "kiss print" with non-coincidental doubling of Chinese surcharge and complete offset on reverse, centred to top, fine unused with much original gum. Quite striking. Chan 84var.
Estimate 5,000 - 6,000
  Realized HK$29,900
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Lot 495 China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red, vertical pair, positions 15/5, the top stamp has inverted "s" in "cents", and the lower stamp, comma for stop, good colour, centred to top, fine appearance unused with large part to much original gum (hinge remainders), a few light tones on gum, lower corner perfs. have faults. Chan 84e, g.
Estimate 4,000 - 5,000
  Realized HK$8,050
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Lot 496 China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red, position 11, variety surcharge inverted, deep colour, well centred, fine unused with part to large part original gum, hinge remainders. Chan 84i.
Estimate 100,000 - 120,000
  Realized HK$115,000
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Lot 497 China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red, block of four, positions 15-14/5-4, variety surcharge inverted, top left stamp, position 15, has inverted "s" in "cents", and the lower left stamp, position 5, comma for stop, resplendent colour, well centred on bright white paper, fine to very fine appearance unused with large part to much original gum, usual gum streaks, translucencies, and colour suffusion on reverse. A marvelous exhibition item of the highest calibre. Chan 84m, o.
Estimate 500,000 - 600,000


We record the following blocks of four with surcharge inverted containing this exceptional combination of varieties :

-- Sir Percival David, Robson Lowe (London), 22.7.1970, lot 213

-- Richard Canman, Stanley Gibbons (London), 19-20.10.1972, lot 622; "Ming", Corinphila (Zurich), 25.3. 1987, lot 4894; Anna-Lisa and Sven-Eric Beckeman, Sotheby's & Corinphila (Hong Kong), 12.11.1998, lot B133

-- L.Y. Woo collection. Revenue Surcharges (Taipei, 1983), p. 135

-- Sun collection, Matthew Bennett (New York), 23.6.2002, lot 1510

-- Postal Service Today (Taipei), No. 446 (February 1995). Ding Jin Song collection

-- The above block.
  Realized HK$575,000
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Lot 498 o China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red, block of four, positions 11-12/1-2, the lower horizontal pair, positions 1-2, the "suffused" surcharge showing through completely on reverse, particularly well centred within large margins on fresh white paper, centrally cancelled by "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring d.s. of "Feb 19 1897", which is the earliest date cancellation for the small 2c. surcharge, very fine and a rare example of this remarkable surcharge variety, which is distinct from any other offset encountered on a Red Revenue stamp. Chan 84, var.
Estimate 120,000 - 150,000


References: Postal Service Today (Taipei), No. 392 (August, 1990), pp. 10-13.

The small 2c. surcharge was locally produced, and, as such, the surcharging ink varied in composition and intensity. The "suffused" surcharge variety was the result of a different surcharging ink mixture and extremely heavy impression of the surcharge forme of twenty. For this block, the lower pair, positions 1-2, emanates from this surcharge setting, while the top pair, positions 11-12, is from the normal surcharge setting.

Other se-tenant blocks with the "suffused" surcharge either in the top row or lower row prove that there was only one surcharge setting of twenty produced with this variety. Other multiples similarly cancelled can be assigned to this sheet from adjoining settings of the surcharge. From their positions, it can be ascertained that only one block of twenty (10 x 2) from the sheet had this extraordinary inking variety. We know of twelve examples with this variety. To date, we record the following blocks :

-- Block of four, the lower row, surcharge positions 1-2, with "suffused" surcharge. The above block.

-- Block of four, the lower row, surcharge positions 3-4, with "suffused" surcharge. Ex M.F. Huang collection.

-- Block of twelve (4 x 3) with sheet margin at foot, the top row, surcharge positions 11-12-13-14, with "suffused" surcharge. Ex Sun collection.

-- Block of four, the top row, surcharge positions 19-20, with "suffused" surcharge. Ex Dr. Danny C. Ko collection.

When joined together, the blocks from the "Sun" and M.F. Huang collections offer irrefutable proof that the "suffused" surcharge variety emanates from a single surcharge setting of twenty.
  Realized HK$109,250
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Lot 499 China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge 4c. on 3c. red, position 19, surcharged slightly misplaced to left, excellent colour, well centred within good to large margins, fine to very fine unused with large part to much original gum, usual gum skips, a few light yellow spots on gum do not detract from the outstanding nature of this rare stamp. Chan 85.
Estimate 200,000 - 250,000
  Realized HK$184,000
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Lot 500 China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge 4c. on 3c. red, position 25, characteristic overinked "4" unique to this position, bright colour, particularly well centred for this, with unusually large margins at top and left, fine to very fine and fresh unused with much original gum which has been slightly disturbed. An outstanding and appealing example of this rare stamp from the most striking position of the setting. Chan 85.
Estimate 200,000 - 250,000
  Unsold
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Lot 501 China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge $1 on 3c. red, a superlative example, bright exquisite colour on wonderfully fresh white paper, centred within good to large margins, unused with much original gum, two perfs. at top right have a barely discernable and inconsequential translucency, very fine and a peerless example of this legendary world rarity. Chan 86.
Estimate 6,000,000 - 8,000,000


Provenance: Saul Newbury, Robert A. Siegel (New York), 6.2.1962, lot 418. This is the right stamp of a horizontal pair, which was later split into two singles.
Eugene Klein, 7.7.1944, lot 366 (pair)
Dr. James K. Senior, Robson Lowe (London), 6.10.1971, lot 1287. In the auction catalogue, Robson Lowe succinctly described this stamp as "brilliant mint".
Anna-Lisa and Sven-Eric Beckeman
Lam Man Yin
James B. Whang
Christie's Swire (Hong Kong), 2.11.1994, lot 2359
China Land Post Stamp Auctions (Shanghai), 20.5.1996, lot 1005.

References: Huang Kuang-Sheng, A Treatise on the Extant Copies of the Small One Dollar with Illustrations (Philippines, 1975). This is listed as example number 8 of the 32 extant Small One Dollar. Depicted alongside the stamp is a copy of Royal Philatelic Society Expert Committee Certificate #77924 (24 Jan 1972) stating that "$1 on 3c. deep red - unused is genuine".
The Revenue Surcharges China 1897, Vol. I (Taipei: Directorate General of Posts of Taiwan, 1987), p. 39. It is listed as type III, number 11.

ONLY 32 EXAMPLES HAVE BEEN RECORDED OF THIS ICONIC STAMP, WHICH IS ACKNOWLEDGED AS THE RAREST REGULARLY ISSUED STAMP OF CHINA, AND RANKS AMONG THE GREAT WORLD RARITIES.

The stamp also displays non-constant surcharge varieties : partly missing horizontal stroke at top of "yuan" and broken top of "o" in "dollar".

This is type A with the "1 Dollar" of the surcharge partly covering the word "Revenue". The type A and B ("1 dollar" completely covering the word "Revenue") stamps all come from a right surcharge plate of twenty-five. The type C ("1 dollar" above the word "Revenue") comes from the other surcharge plate.
  Unsold
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Lot 502 () China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 1c. on 3c. red, position 5, showing offset on reverse, bright colour, centred to lower right, fine unused with much disturbed gum. Chan 87.
Estimate 2,000 - 2,500
  Realized HK$11,500
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Lot 503 o China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 1c. on 3c. red, surcharge dramatically misplaced to right, colour oxidised in places, well centred, cancelled by pakua, fine. Chan 87.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$1,725
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Lot 504 China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 1c. on 3c. red (2), positions 15 and 20, the former with large box of Chinese character, fine to very fine unused with much original gum, the latter has glazing on hinge remainder. Chan 87, a.
Estimate 3,000 - 4,000
  Realized HK$4,830
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Lot 505 China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 1c. on 3c. red, horizontal pair, positions 6-7, the left stamp with large box to Chinese character, bright colour, well centred, fine to very fine and fresh unused with much original gum, hinge remainder. Chan 87, a.
Estimate 4,000 - 5,000
  Realized HK$9,200
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Lot 506 China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red, position 11, fresh bright colour, choice centring, fine to very fine unused with much original gum, usual gum skips, hinge remainders. Chan 88.
Estimate 2,000 - 2,500
  Realized HK$2,875
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Lot 507 China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red, position 16, deep bright colour, well centred, fine and fresh unused with much original gum, unobtrusive red printing ink offset on reverse at top right corner. Chan 88.
Estimate 1,800 - 2,200
  Realized HK$3,220
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Lot 508 o China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red block of six (2 x 3), positions 3-4-5/8-9-10, showing the remarkable constant spacing variety last vertical column of surcharge 0.5mm. higher than second vertical column, good colour, centred to top, centrally cancelled by "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring d.s. of "Apr 23 1897", toning on reverse which just shows through to front, nevertheless fine appearance and an appealing multiple with this spacing variety. Chan 88.
Estimate 18,000 - 22,000
  Unsold
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Lot 509 o China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. red, pane of twenty-five (5 x 5), Pane 4, with complete sheet margins at right and foot, surcharge position 25 is stamp position 100, showing characteristic vertical sheet guidelines extending vertically downwards from the lower right corner, deep bright colour, well centred, on fresh white paper, cancelled by "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring d.s. of "Apr 24 1897", separated and rejoined between 2nd and 3rd horizontal rows of stamps, some splitting and reinforcement between 4th and 5th horizontal rows of stamps, tiny age spot in sheet margin at right. A fine and handsome multiple. Chan 88.
Estimate 100,000 - 120,000
  Realized HK$115,000
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Lot 510 China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 4c. on 3c. red, position 12, bright colour, near perfect centring, fine to very fine unused with part to large part original gum. Chan 89.
Estimate 3,500 - 4,000
  Realized HK$5,175
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Lot 511 o China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge 4c. on 3c. red, position 3, deep colour, particularly well centred within large even margins, cancelled by pakua, fine. Chan 89.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$2,530
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Lot 512 China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge $1 on 3c. red, position 20, bright colour, well centred, fine unused with much original gum. Chan 90.
Estimate 15,000 - 20,000
  Realized HK$25,300
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Lot 513 China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge $1 on 3c. red, position 19, bright colour, centred just to foot, fine appearance unused with large part original gum, small paper adherence on reverse at top right corner and hinge remainders, one of which covers slight thinning. Chan 90.
Estimate 12,000 - 15,000
  Realized HK$14,950
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Lot 514 () China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge $1 on 3c. red, excellent colour, well centred on bright white paper, fine and fresh unused without gum, barely perceptible age spot at left. Chan 90.
Estimate 12,000 - 15,000
  Realized HK$16,100
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Lot 515 () China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge $5 on 3c. red, clear colour, compound perf. 13 x 14 x 12½ x 14, miscentred to the left thereby showing portion of adjoining stamp at right, as is sometimes encountered with the basic stamp used for $5 surcharge, fine unused without gum. Chan 91.
Estimate 150,000 - 200,000
  Realized HK$172,500
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Lot 516 () China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge $5 on 3c. red, position 19, deep colour, a trifle oxidised, thick sweated gum which may not be original, horizontal crease at top, fine appearance. Chan 91.
Estimate 100,000 - 120,000
  Realized HK$115,000
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Lot 517 () China, 1897 Red Revenue large figures surcharge $5 on 3c. red, variety surcharge inverted, deep bright colour, position 18, well centred for this, fine and fresh appearance unused, regummed. An eminently collectible example of this popular variety. Chan 91a.
Estimate 300,000 - 400,000
  Realized HK$632,500
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Lot 518 China, 1897 Red Revenue small figures surcharge 2c. on 3c., and large figures surcharge 1c. on 3c. (2, one with large box of Chinese character) and 4c. on 3c., very good to fine appearance unused with part to much original gum, a few small faults or foxed perfs. Chan 84, 87, a, 89.
Estimate 4,000 - 5,000
  Realized HK$10,925
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Lot 519 o China, Canton : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red, centrally cancelled by "Customs/Canton" double-ring d.s. of "Mar 30 1897" in brown, fine appearance, some sulphurisation around edges also showing through to reverse. Chan 84.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$3,450
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Lot 520 o China, Canton : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 1c. on 3c. red, deep colour, centred to right, cancelled by Canton pakua in brown, neat pre-application diagonal crease, otherwise sound. Chan 87.
Estimate 1,200 - 1,500
  Realized HK$1,495
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Lot 521 o China, Chungking : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 1c. on 3c. red (2), positions 18 and 19 originally forming a horizontal pair, on fragment, cancelled by "Chungking" dollar dater of "10 Dec 98", fine. Chan 87.
Estimate 4,000 - 5,000
  Realized HK$5,175
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Lot 522 o China, Hankow : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 1c. on 3c. red, position 7, centred to upper left, cancelled by "Customs/Hankow" double-ring d.s. of "Jun 7 1897", fine strike. Chan 87.
Estimate 1,000 - 1,200
  Realized HK$2,070
  View details and photo


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Lot 523 o China, Hankow : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 2c. on 3c. red, centrally cancelled by "Customs/Hankow" double-ring d.s. of "May 31 1897", light staining along left side, otherwise fine. Chan 88.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$4,600
  View details and photo


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Lot 524 o China, Hankow : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 1c. on 3c. red, vertical pair, positions 5/10, position 10 large box of Chinese character, centrally cancelled by "Customs/Hankow" double-ring d.s. of "May 29 1897", folded along horizontal row of perfs. and lower stamp has 4mm. tear at foot. Chan 87, a.
Estimate 4,000 - 5,000
  Realized HK$5,175
  View details and photo


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Lot 525 China, Kiukiang : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red on piece, cancelled by "Kiukiang" dollar dater of "12 Sep 97" (inverted "S" in "Sep") in brown, fine strike. Chan 84.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$5,175
  View details and photo


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Lot 526 o China, Kiukiang : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red, cancelled by "Kiukiang" dollar dater of "2 Aug 97" in brown, fine strike. Chan 84.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$1,725
  View details and photo


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Lot 527 o China, Kiukiang : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 2c. on 3c. red, cancelled by "Kiukiang" dollar dater of "5 Sep 97" (inverted "S" in "Sep") in brown, fine strike. Chan 88.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$1,955
  View details and photo


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Lot 528 o China, Kiungchow : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red, cancelled by complete Kiungchow pakua in brown, pulled perf. at top left just impinging on frameline, otherwise fine. Chan 84.
Estimate 1,200 - 1,500
  Realized HK$2,760
  View details and photo


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Lot 529 China, Nanking : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red, surcharge misplaced to foot and just appearing in margin there, well centred, on piece, cancelled by "Nanking" dollar dater of "27 Aug 97", light vertical crease, otherwise fine. Chan 84.
Estimate 2,000 - 2,500
  Realized HK$11,500
  View details and photo


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Lot 530 o China, Nanking : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 2c. on 3c. red, near perfect centring within large even margins, cancelled by "Nanking" dollar dater of July 1897, very fine, an early date. Chan 88.
Estimate 1,200 - 1,500
  Realized HK$1,495
  View details and photo


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Lot 531 o China, Ningpo : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 1c. on 3c. red, centred to upper left, cancelled by "Customs/Ningpo" double-ring d.s. of "May 19 1897", fine. Chan 87.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$7,475
  View details and photo


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Lot 532 o China, Ningpo : 1897 Red Revenue large figures $1 on 3c. red, vertical pair, positions 20/25 position 25 has perfs. trimmed at foot as usual for examples from the bottom row of the sheet, rough perfs., cancelled by "Customs/Ningpo" double-ring d.s. of "Feb 5 97", fine. Chan 90.
Estimate 25,000 - 30,000
  Realized HK$59,800
  View details and photo


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Lot 533 o China, Ningpo : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 4c. on 3c. red, centrally cancelled by complete Ningpo pakua in brown, fine. Chan 89.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$4,370
  View details and photo


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Lot 534 o China, Ningpo : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 1c. on 3c. red, horizontal pair, cancelled by "Ningpo" dollar dater of "11 May 98", light toning at foot, otherwise fine. Chan 87.
Estimate 3,000 - 4,000
  Realized HK$9,200
  View details and photo


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Lot 535 o China, Peking : 1897 Red Revenue large figures $1 on 3c. red, position 21, cancelled by "Peking" dollar dater of "3 Sep 97" (inverted "S" in "Sep") in brown, fine and fresh appearance, reperforated at foot. Chan 90.
Estimate 8,000 - 10,000
  Realized HK$16,100
  View details and photo


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Lot 536 o China, Shanghai : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red, horizontal pair, positions 24-25, stamp positions 99-100, with sheet margins at right and foot, stamp position 100 shows characteristic vertical sheet guidelines extending vertically downwards from the lower right corner, centrally cancelled by "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring d.s. of "Feb 19 1897", very fine and fresh, the earliest date of use of the small figures 2c. on 3c. Chan 84.
Estimate 8,000 - 10,000
  Realized HK$27,600
  View details and photo


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Lot 537 o China, Shanghai : 1897 Red Revenue large figures $1 on 3c. red, fresh bright colour, near perfect centring, cancelled by complete Shanghai pakua, a few clipped perfs. at top right, very fine appearance. Chan 90.
Estimate 6,000 - 8,000
  Realized HK$11,500
  View details and photo


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Lot 538 o China, Soochow : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red, centrally cancelled by practically complete "Customs/Soochow" double-ring d.s. of "Feb 25 1897" in brown, colour a bit oxidised, nevertheless fine to very fine first month date. Chan 84.
Estimate 3,000 - 4,000
  Realized HK$5,175
  View details and photo


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Lot 539 o China, Soochow : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red, well centred, cancelled by "Soochow" dollar dater of December 1897 in brown, slight sulphurisation around frames just showing through to reverse, fine appearance. Chan 84.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$2,530
  View details and photo


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Lot 540 o China, Soochow : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 4c. on 3c. red, block of four, positions 6-7/11-12, bright colour, well centred, on fresh white paper, centrally cancelled by "Soochow" dollar dater of "18 Mar 99", fine to very fine, believed to be the latest known use of the Soochow dollar dater on a Red Revenue. Chan 89.
Estimate 30,000 - 40,000
  Realized HK$34,500
  View details and photo


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Lot 541 o China, Tang-ku : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 1c. on 3c. red, horizontal pair, positions 22-23, with sheet margin at foot, good colour, dramatically miscentred to right with surcharge thereby misplaced to left, cancelled by practically complete strike of "Tang-ku/Post Office" double-ring d.s. of "Jun 12 1897" in blue, reinforced along vertical row of perfs. and minor fault in sheet margin, fine to very fine, an attractive example of this cancellation. Chan 87.
Estimate 6,000 - 8,000
  Realized HK$11,500
  View details and photo


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Lot 542 o China, Wenchow : 1897 Red Revenue large figures 2c. on 3c. red, centrally cancelled by "Customs/Wenchow" double-ring d.s. of "Apr 13 1897" in brown, fine. Chan 88.
Estimate 1,500 - 2,000
  Realized HK$13,800
  View details and photo


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Lot 543 o China, Wuhu : 1897 Red Revenue small figures 2c. on 3c. red, centrally cancelled by "Wuhu" dollar dater of "8 Dec 97" in brown, fine appearance, a few faults. Chan 84.
Estimate 800 - 1,000
  Realized HK$1,725
  View details and photo


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Lot 544 China, 1897 (19 July) "U.S.S. 'Monocacy'" corner card handstamped envelope to Shanghai (22.7) bearing Red Revenue large figures surcharge 2c. on 3c. vertical pair just overlapping 4c. on 3c., boldly cancelled by "Hankow" dollar dater, the envelope slightly refolded at top to improve appearance, nevertheless a fine and rare multiple rate domestic franking. Chan 88, 89.
Estimate 60,000 - 80,000
  Realized HK$69,000
  View details and photo


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Lot 545 China, 1897 (24 Aug.) envelope to Austria (30.9) bearing 1897 small figures surcharge on Dowager ½c. on 3ca. interpanneau strip of five, single and 4c. on 4ca. with Red Revenue large figures surcharge 1c. on 3c. and 2c. on 3c., cancelled by "Hankow" dollar dater, in combination with France "Chine" 25c., cancelled by "Shang-hai/Chine" c.d.s. (27.8) which also ties the 4c. on 4ca., showing "Ligne N./Paq. Fr. No. 5" octagonal d.s. (28.8) adjacent, two of the ½c. on 3ca. have creases and envelope has light vertical filing fold passing along row of perfs. in the interpane margin, otherwise fine and a spectacular mixed issue franking with the Red Revenues. Chan 37, 40, 87, 88.
Estimate 60,000 - 80,000
  Realized HK$80,500
  View details and photo









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